World  Business and Economic Analysis 


 Researchers from Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) have designed and produced dual-nozzle 3D printers which allow two-color prints with application in medical field.

Shahin Khoshsokhan, project manager of ‘designing and developing dual-nozzle 3D printers’, told that while most 3D printers developed in the country are limited to just one nozzle and just one color, his project has aimed for developing dual-nozzle printers which allow two-color prints.

3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. This type of printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes.

“This 3D printer has two motors mounted at the back which bring the materials to the nozzle. The dual-nozzle option allows the final design to be constructed without having the flow interrupted,” he explained.

According to Khoshsokhan, his 3D dual-nozzle printer has seven motors, a metal body, and does not shake at all while working.

The 3D printer is able to construct a design in 22 x 15 x 15 centimeters, he said.

He added that 3D printing can have application for better education in schools, universities, dentistry, jewelry making, etc.

Iranian researchers obtained the technology to develop 3D printers in 2013, making the Islamic Republic the first country to have ever achieved this technology in the Middle East.



You can think about does generic viagra work aright now, or you can be patient for a whilst until you get as now. Those options that are now generic viagra complacent all.





Researchers at Tehran University of Medical Sciences performed a CT scanning of Iranian auto mummies dubbed ‘Saltman’ on Mon. to discover new findings and learn more about various aspects of life of ancient Persians.

The CT scans on Saltman 1 and 5 were performed at a scientific center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences following the signing of an MOU between the National Museum of Iran and the University of Bochum in Germany. Dr. Frank Ruhli, Director of Institute of Evolutionary Medicine (IEM) at the University of Zurich, Dr. Shirani in charge of the CT angiography room in Tehran Heart Center, and Dr. Gholamreza Molavi, assistant professor at Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Health, were present during the CT scanning.

At the end of the scanning, Dr. Molavi noted that the saltmen had been discovered several years ago in the Chehrabad salt mines, located in Zanjan, adding “following the discoveries made, the Chehrabad Saltmummy & Saltmine Exploration Project was defined as a joint research project between Zanjan Department of Cultural Heritage, Chehrabad archeological site, European universities of Bochum, Zurich, York, Oxford and Besançon as well as Tehran University of Medical Sciences as the only Iranian university participating in the project.”

According to Molavi, the project is still in its preliminary stages.

Dr. Shirani of the CT angiography room said the ‘saltmen’ have been mummified under natural circumstances, namely appropriate temperate, low humidity and a lot of amount of salt, therefore, further studies required noninvasive methods such as CT scanning.

According to Shirani, the saltmen were scanned by Dual Source CT scanner under sterile conditions, without the smallest damage or problems.

The Saltmen were discovered in the Chehrabad salt mines, located on the southern part of the Hamzehlu village, on the west side of Zanjan. By 2010 the remains of six men had been discovered, most of them accidentally killed by the collapse of galleries they were working in some 2000 years ago.

Three bodies are dated to the Parthian (247 BCE–224 CE) and Sassanid (224–651 CE) eras, and the remainder to the Achaemenid Dynasty (550–330 BCE).

The head and left foot of Salt Man 1 are on display at the National Museum of Iran in Tehran.



You can expect about does generic viagra work right now, or you can be patient for a whereas until you get as now. Those options that are now generic viagra sated all.


There are huge potentials for investment in health infrastructures due to Iran’s capabilities in health tourism. Iranian doctors are among the best in the world. Dentistry is highly advanced and Iran has the potential to become a medical tourism destination. The government has eased the process of developing these platforms as it sees the potential for high returns on invest­ment thanks to the tourism potential the country possesses.

Iran’s interest in nanotechnology and biotechnology has prompted the establishment of a variety of spe­cialized care facilities, including institutions focused on optometry and organ transplants.

Education and up-to-date equipment supports distributors, while working with active pharmaceutical ingredients has supported the profitability of the sector.


 Pharmaceuticals Industry

Experiencing 23%-25% growth per year, the pharmaceuticals industry is a key driver of the healthcare sector overall. Focusing on the production of high-tech medicines that can be exported to emerging markets, pharmaceutical companies are working to meet demand and maintain growth. In 2011, the domestic market was worth $4.5 billion.

An exceptional workforce and a booming pharmaceuticals industry have spurred growth in Iran’s healthcare sector in recent years.

Investments in bio­technology and nanotechnology characterize the industry, with local manufacturers focused on offering high-tech products to the domestic market as well as developing countries abroad.

 Structure of Health Sector in Iran

Three fundamental pillars support Iran’s highly centralized healthcare sector: public and gov­ernmental entities, private providers, and NGOs. Expenditures for the healthcare sector were pegged at $31.7 billion , and that figure is estimated to reach $50 billion by end-2013. The government has consistently invested approximately 5% of GDP in the sector annually during recent years.

Nearly every decision made regarding the sector’s goals and policies is made by the Minis­try of Health and Medical Education (MOHME), which exercises the executive responsibility for health care within the framework of the Iranian government. MOHME has the legal authority to oversee, license, and regulate the activities of the private health sector.

Some facts and statistics:

With over 830 medical institutions and more than 110,000 beds, the local medical network is prepared to accommodate region’s growing population.

Over 85% of the 6,200 generic-branded pharmaceutical products in Iran are produced locally.

Foreign products, imported by 75 companies, are processed at 20 main import centers before being registered on the Iranian market.

Health Tourism

 In terms of medical and  health care tourism, Iran boasts the distinct advantage of well-educated  professionals and affordable  costs. As one of the most advanced countries for health care and technology, many investors have seized the opportunity to establish operations and medical facilities in Iran.Although leisure,   business, and healthcare tourism opportunities are blossoming in Iran, ICHTO has identified key areas for improvement. Among  its aims  is the  need  for greater tourism promotion abroad, and  the  organization has launched a campaign to attract international tour agencies and build better  infrastructure  for the  expected increase in international arrivals. "We currently lead $500,000 worth of projects for the development of tourism infrastructure. After the completion of over 800 projects, we will witness tremendous growth,"


You can think about does generic viagra work right now, or you can be patient for a just as until you get as now. Those options that are now generic viagra complacent all.

کتاب عملیات بانکی در عرصه بین الملل -سرفصل ها،ضمائم ،توصیه صاحب‏نظران ارزی و مدیران ارشد بانکی

Investment Consulting &Project Finance


Sign up for our newsletter