World  Business and Economic Analysis 



by : Dr.  Mehrdad Syadatnasab

Commercial Attaché of Iran Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa


Iran is an important and historical country with ancient civilization in the Middle East Region, situated in strategic location, with a population of about 80 million and it is the world’s 17th-most-populous market. Economy of Iran is the eighteenth largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP). In fact, Iran is a very young nation and it is not only about quantity, but also quality.
Iran, as a major energy producer in the Middle East holds 10% of the world’s oil reserves (second largest oil producer) and second largest reserves of natural gas (15% of the world's total) and it has the potential to become an energy superpower.
The economic fundamentals are strong. It’s been described as the Germany of the Middle East, an educated workforce, developed Infrastructure and a proud tradition of manufacturing with 7 Free Trade-Industrial Zones and 30 Special Economic Zones. The country has competent farmers, carmakers, drug firms and a fairly sophisticated service sector with abundant potential in Engineering & Technical services (721 Techno-Engineering projects have been executed in 42 countries by Iranian companies over the last 10 years), making it less dependent on oil, now at rock-bottom prices, than other big producers such as the Persian Gulf states.
The economy of Iran has been hit by sanctions and extensive trade restrictions in recent years, yet the nuclear deal has opened a clear path for total obliteration of sanction policy against the country. Although being sanctioned has been a big issue for the economy, but we can address this issue also as an opportunity than a threat.
After years of intensive negotiations have finally cleared all the misunderstandings around Iran's nuclear activities and In July 2015, Iran signed a historic deal with the P5+1 group of international mediators and now are taking the next step towards integrating more deeply into the global economy.
But foreign companies began flocking to Iran even before the deal was signed. In 2015, Tehran hosted a flurry of trade delegations and signed new contracts to boost cooperation and elaborating various opportunities in tourism, transportation, technology, foodstuff, aviation and machinery as well as oil and gas and other sectors. (Around 60 foreign delegations visited Iran in 2015 that at least a dozen were from Europe.)
In recent report the IMF noted that "prospects for 2016/17 are brighter, owing to the prospective lifting of economic sanctions. Higher oil production, lower costs for trade and financial transactions, and restored access to foreign assets, are expected to lift real GDP of Iran to about 4–5.5 percent in 2016."
As the largest untapped market with a very young population, the lifting of sanctions will bring around a host of new opportunities to foreign businesses with a prior presence in Iran as well as those interested in entering the Iranian market. New Iranian legislations such as the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act have come into force in an attempt to attract more foreign investment, removing previous restrictions on the percentage of foreign shareholding in Iran, and the possibility of registering an Iranian company with 100% foreign capital as well as unlimited transfer of capital and dividends where applicable.
The country has one of the lowest levels of external debt in the world, which makes it more resistant to global shocks. (While the external debt to GDP is less than 5 percent in Iran, the number goes to around 50 percent for Turkey). Considering the substantial amount of not-satiated demand in almost every sector, an industrial base which requires renovation and rich natural resources mainly underutilized due to investment deficiency in recent years, Iran has extra ordinary expansion and investment potentials in the fields of Oil, Gas, Petrochemicals, Mines, Industries, Agriculture and Service sectors and it’s easy to see why investors and international companies are getting very excited about Iran.
At the end it is worth to mention that after years of economic isolation, the prospect of the world’s last major frontier market opening up in 2016 and we can say Economic Renascence are started and “Iran’s Golden Times” are not far away.

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کتاب عملیات بانکی در عرصه بین الملل -سرفصل ها،ضمائم ،توصیه صاحب‏نظران ارزی و مدیران ارشد بانکی

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